还是(háishì) vs 或者(huòzhě)

还是 vs 或者

 

As conjunctions, “还是” and “或者” are both used to express options.

“不管/不论/无论 + A 还是/或者 B + ……都……” no matter what ……; regardless of ……

e.g.

不管学习还是/或者工作,他都特别棒。(Bùguǎn xuéxí háishì/ huòzhě gōngzuò, tā dōu tèbié bàng.) Whether he is studying or working, he is great.

无论还是/或者我都可以回答这个问题。(Wúlùn nǐ háishì/huòzhě wǒ dōu kěyǐ huídá zhège wèntí.) Either you or I can answer this question.

还是 (háishì)

“还是” is often used in interrogative sentences to show uncertainty.

A + 还是 + B

e.g.

你喜欢吃什么水果,苹果还是西瓜?(Nǐ xǐhuān chī shénme shuǐguǒ, píngguǒ háishì xīguā?) What kind of fruit do you like to eat, apple or watermelon?

你想去北京大学读书还是去清华大学读书?(Nǐ xiǎng qù Běijīng dàxué dúshū háishì qù Qīnghuá dàxué dúshū?) Do you want to study at Peking University or Tsinghua University?

 

是 + A + 还是 + B

e.g.

美国人还是英国人?(Nǐ shì Měiguó rén háishì Yīngguó rén?) Are you American or British?

(是)+ Verb 1 / Verb phrase 1  + 还是 + Verb 2 / Verb phrase 2

 e.g.

(是)喜欢喝茶还是喝咖啡?(Nǐ shì xǐhuān hē chá háishì hē kāfēi?) Do you like tea or coffee?

看书的时候,你(是)喜欢站着还是坐着?(Kànshū de shíhòu, nǐ shì xǐhuān zhànzhe háishì zuòzhe?) When reading, do you prefer to stand or sit?

(是)+ Verb + 还是 + 不Verb

e.g.

快迟到了!你(是)走还是不走?(Kuài chídào le! Nǐ (shì) zǒu háishì bù zǒu?) Almost late! Are you going or not?

这个语法你(是)懂不懂?(Zhège yǔfǎ nǐ shì dǒng háishì bù dǒng?) Do you understand this grammar or not?

When “还是” is used in a declarative sentence, the phrases like “不知道” or “没决定” are often used with it to express uncertainty.

e.g.

不知道他明天去出差还是后天去。(Wǒ bù zhīdào tā míngtiān qù chūchāi háishì hòutiān qù.) I don’t know whether he will go on a business trip tomorrow or the day after tomorrow.

他还没决定是买华为手机还是买苹果手机。(Tā hái méi juédìng shì mǎi huáwèi shǒujī háishì mǎi píngguǒ shǒujī.) He has not yet decided whether to buy a Huawei phone or an Apple phone.

或者 (huòzhě)

“或者” is often used in declarative sentences, which means “or” and indicates there is more than one option.

Noun 1 / Noun phrase 1 + 或者 + Noun 2 / Noun phrase 2

e.g.

我吃苹果或者西瓜都可以。(Wǒ chī píngguǒ huòzhě xīguā dōu kěyǐ.) I can eat apples or watermelon.

你来我家或者我去你家都不方便。(Nǐ lái wǒjiā huòzhě wǒ qù nǐ jiā dōu bù fāngbiàn.) It is not convenient for you to come to my house or for me to go to your house.

Note that when 或者 connects two monosyllabic objects, the verb needs repeat.

e.g.

你有事找我或者找他都可以。(Nǐ yǒushì zhǎo wǒ huòzhě zhǎo tā dōu kěyǐ.) You can come to me or him if you have problems.

喝水或者喝酒我都喜欢。(Hē shuǐ huòzhě hējiǔ wǒ dōu xǐhuān.) I like drinking water or alcohol.

Verb 1 / Verb phrase 1 + 或者 + Verb 2 / Verb phrase 2

e.g.

我周末常常唱歌或者跳舞。(Wǒ zhōumò chángcháng chànggē huòzhě tiàowǔ.) I often sing or dance on weekends.

下班以后,我和同事会一起吃饭或者看电影。(Xiàbān yǐhòu, wǒ hé tóngshì huì yīqǐ chīfàn huòzhě kàn diànyǐng.) After getting off work, my colleagues and I will have dinner or watch a movie together.

When expressing several options or situations, 或者……或者…… can be used in the sentence.

e.g.

这次聚会很成功,大家或者唱歌,或者跳舞,或者聊天,都很高兴。(Zhè cì jùhuì hěn chénggōng, dàjiā huòzhě chànggē, huòzhě tiàowǔ, huòzhě liáotiān, dōu hěn gāoxìng.) The party was very successful. Everyone was happy to sing, dance, or chat.

A: 周末你有什么打算?
B: 我还没想好是踢足球1打篮球。
A: 我觉得踢足球2打篮球都不好玩儿。
B: 那你打算看电视3打游戏?
A: 我也不喜欢看电视4打游戏。
B: 那出去玩,你想5不想?
A: 想,我们去哪里玩?
B: 去商场6去海边吧。
A: 去商场吧,我想给妈妈买条裙子7买双鞋。
B: 你妈妈喜欢蓝色8绿色?
A: 蓝色9绿色都可以。
B: 那我们周六见面10周日见面?
A: 周六吧,天气预报说周日可能下雨11下雪。
B: 好,那我们什么时候见面?
A: 我还没想好上午12下午。
B: 下午吧,我上午可能要去一下银行13公司。
(A: Zhōumò nǐ yǒu shénme dǎsuàn?
B: Wǒ hái méi xiǎng hǎo shì tī zúqiú _1_ dǎ lánqiú.
A: Wǒ jué de tī zúqiú _2_ dǎ lánqiú dōu bù hǎowánr.
B: Nà nǐ dǎsuàn kàn diànshì _3_ dǎ yóuxì?
A: Wǒ yě bù xǐhuān kàn diànshì _4_ dǎ yóuxì.
B: Nà chūqù wán, nǐ xiǎng _5_ bù xiǎng?
A: Xiǎng, wǒmen qù nǎlǐ wán?
B: Qù shāngchǎng _6_ qù hǎibiān ba.
A: Qù shāngchǎng ba, wǒ xiǎng gěi māma mǎi tiáo qúnzi _7_ mǎi shuāng xié.
B: Nǐ māma xǐhuān lánsè _8_ lǜsè?
A: Lánsè _9_ lǜsè dōu kěyǐ.
B: Nà wǒmen zhōuliù jiànmiàn _10_ zhōurì jiànmiàn?
A: Zhōuliù ba, tiānqì yùbào shuō zhōurì kěnéng xiàyǔ _11_ xiàxuě.
B: Hǎo, nà wǒmen shénme shíhòu jiànmiàn?
A: Wǒ hái méi xiǎng hǎo shàngwǔ _12_ xiàwǔ.
B: Xiàwǔ ba, wǒ shàngwǔ kěnéng yào qù yīxià yínháng _13_ gōngsī.)


 

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