“Ba” Sentence(3)- “把”字句 (3)

“Ba” Sentence(3)- “把”字句 (3)

 

“把” sentence is used to express something that occurred to the object focusing on the result, influence, change etc. of an action in which “把” as a preposition is used to bring the object of the main verb before the verb.

Subject + 把 + Object + Adverbial + Verb

We can’t leave the verb alone in the “把” sentence, so we can put adverbials before the verb to make it.

e.g.

他总是东西到处乱扔。(Tā zǒnɡshì dōnɡxi dàochù luàn rēnɡ.) He is apt to leave things about.

>> the result is “到处乱扔”.

 

你不要这件事往外说。(Nǐ bú yào zhè jiàn shì wǎnɡwài shuō.) Don’t tell it to other people.

>> the result is “不要往外说”.

 

Subject + 把 + Object + 一 + Verb

Here it indicates the subject does this action quickly, and usually, there will be another clause after it to complete the meaning.

e.g.

门一关,开始上课了!(Tā mén yì ɡuān, kāishǐ shànɡ kè le.) He closed the door and started the class.

眼睛一闭,就什么都不怕了。(Nǐ yǎnjinɡ yí bì, jiù shénme dōu bú pà le.) You close your eyes then you will fear nothing.

 

Subject + + Object + Verb +

As we mentioned above, we can’t use a verb alone, so we can put other elements like “了” after it to indicate the complement of the action and the occurrence of a new situation.

e.g.

你怎么这件事忘了?(Nǐ zěnme zhè jiàn shì wànɡ le.) Why did you forget it?

我们已经问题解决了。(Wǒmen yǐjīnɡ wèntí jiějué le.) We have solved the problem.

小猫鱼吃了。(Xiǎo māo yú chī le.) The catty ate the fish.

 

Subject + 把 + Object 1 + Verb + Object 2

We can also use two objects in the “把” sentence. The “verb + object 2” indicates the result of the first object.

e.g.

身上的钱买咖啡了。(Tā shēnshànɡ de qián mǎi kāfēi le.) He used up his money to buy coffee.

这对夫妻所有的钱买了新房。(Zhè duì fūqī bǎ suǒyǒu de qián mǎile xīnfáng.) This couple bought a new house with all their money.

 

Note: in the “把” sentence, the negation words should be put before “把” and after the subject.

e.g.

这事到处说。(Nǐ bié zhè shì dàochù shuō.) Don’t go around telling it.

他们没有我的话忘了吧?(Tāmen méiyǒu wǒde huà wànɡle bɑ?) They don’t forget what I said?

不要书都给她。(Búyào shū dōu ɡěi tā.) Don’t give all books to him.

1. A: 你怎么这么早就起来了?(Nǐ zěnme zhème zǎo jiù qǐláile?)
B: ___ 。
A.
B.
C.
2. A: 他睡了吗?(Tā shuì le ma?)
B: ___ 。
A.
B.
C.
3. A: 门锁的密码怎么不对了?(Mén suǒ de mìmǎ zěnme bùduì le?)
B: ___ 。
A.
B.
C.
4. A: 桌上的那些水呢?(Zhuō shang de nàxiē shuǐ ne?)
B: ___ 。
A.
B.
C.
5. A: ___ 。
B: 我马上就吃。(Wǒ mǎshàng jiù chī.)
A.
B.
C.

 

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2 Responses

  1. No 8 answer option pinyin appears to be wrong: 他把碗一洗就去工作了。(Bǎ fàng jìn tāng li zhǔ cài.)

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