“把” sentence is used to express something that occurred to the object focusing on the result, influence, change etc. of an action in which “把” as a preposition is used to bring the object of the main verb before the verb.
Subject + 把 + Object + Adverbial + Verb
We can’t leave the verb alone in the “把” sentence, so we can put adverbials before the verb to make it.
他总是把东西到处乱扔。(Tā zǒnɡshì bǎ dōnɡxi dàochù luàn rēnɡ.) He is apt to leave things about.
>> the result is “到处乱扔”.
你不要把这件事往外说。(Nǐ bú yào bǎ zhè jiàn shì wǎnɡwài shuō.) Don’t tell it to other people.
>> the result is “不要往外说”.
Subject + 把 + Object + 一 + Verb
Here it indicates the subject does this action quickly, and usually, there will be another clause after it to complete the meaning.
他把门一关，开始上课了！(Tā bǎ mén yì ɡuān, kāishǐ shànɡ kè le.) He closed the door and started the class.
你把眼睛一闭，就什么都不怕了。(Nǐ bǎ yǎnjinɡ yí bì, jiù shénme dōu bú pà le.) You close your eyes then you will fear nothing.
Subject + 把 + Object + Verb + 了
As we mentioned above, we can’t use a verb alone, so we can put other elements like “了” after it to indicate the complement of the action and the occurrence of a new situation.
你怎么把这件事忘了？(Nǐ zěnme bǎ zhè jiàn shì wànɡ le.) Why did you forget it?
我们已经把问题解决了。(Wǒmen yǐjīnɡ bǎ wèntí jiějué le.) We have solved the problem.
小猫把鱼吃了。(Xiǎo māo bǎ yú chī le.) The catty ate the fish.
Subject + 把 + Object 1 + Verb + Object 2
We can also use two objects in the “把” sentence. The “verb + object 2” indicates the result of the first object.
他把身上的钱买咖啡了。(Tā bǎ shēnshànɡ de qián mǎi kāfēi le.) He used up his money to buy coffee.
这对夫妻把所有的钱买了新房。(Zhè duì fūqī bǎ suǒyǒu de qián mǎile xīnfáng.) This couple bought a new house with all their money.
Note： in the “把” sentence, the negation words should be put before “把” and after the subject.
你别把这事到处说。(Nǐ bié bǎ zhè shì dàochù shuō.) Don’t go around telling it.
他们没有把我的话忘了吧？(Tāmen méiyǒu bǎ wǒde huà wànɡle bɑ?) They don’t forget what I said?
不要把书都给她。(Búyào bǎ shū dōu ɡěi tā.) Don’t give all books to him.
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