The State Complement (1) – 状态补语 (1)

The State Complement (1) – 状态补语(1)

 

The State Complement indicates an achieved state of an action. And adjective phrase as the complement is the most common type of state complements. The adjective phrase sometimes includes an adverb before the adjective.

Verb + 得 + (Adverb) + Adjective phrase

e.g.

跑得非常快。(Tā pǎo de fēicháng kuài.) He runs very fast.

今天大家玩得特别开心。(Jīntiān dàjiā wán de tèbié kāixīn.) Today everyone had a great time.

孩子白天学习得很累,晚上也睡得很晚。(Háizi báitiān xuéxí de hěn lèi, wǎnshàng yě shuì de hěn wǎn.) The child is very tired from studying during the day and sleeps very late at night.

If the verb takes an object, the object should be put before the verb, or the verb is reduplicated.

Subject + Object + Verb + 得 + (Adverb) + Adjective/ Adjective phrase

Subject + Verb + Object + Verb + 得 + (Adverb) + Adjective/ Adjective phrase

e.g.

My sister sings well.

姐姐歌唱得不错。(Jiějie gē chàng de bùcuò.)

姐姐唱歌唱得不错。(Jiějie chànggē chàng de bùcuò.)

 

He speaks Chinese very well.

他汉语说得很好。(Tā Hànyǔ shuō de hěn hǎo)

说汉语说得很好。(Tā shuō hànyǔ shuō de hěn hǎo)

The interrogative form

Verb + 得 +  (Adverb) + Adjective / Adjective phrase + 吗

Verb + 得 + Adjective + 不 + Adjective

e.g.

跑得非常快吗?(Tā pǎo de fēicháng kuài ma?) Does he run very fast?

今天大家玩得开心不开心?(Jīntiān dàjiā wán de kāixīn bù kāixīn?) Did you guys have fun today?

The negative form

Verb + 得 + 不 + Adjective

e.g.

跑得不快。(Tā pǎo de bùkuài.) He doesn’t run fast.

今天大家玩得不开心。(Jīntiān dàjiā wán de bù kāixīn.) Everyone had a bad time today.

1. A: ___ ?
B: 不远,我每天走路去学校。
(A: ___ ? B: Bù yuǎn, wǒ měitiān zǒulù qù xuéxiào.)
A.
B.
C.
D.
2. 这次考试 ___ ,妈妈很不高兴。(Zhè cì kǎoshì ___ , māma hěn bù gāoxìng.)
A.
B.
C.
D.
3. A: 你的法语怎么样?
B: 不怎么样, ___ 。
(A: Nǐ de Fǎyǔ zěnmeyàng?
B: Bù zěnmeyàng, ___ .)
A.
B.
C.
D.
4. 你再吃点儿吧,___ 。(Nǐ zài chī diǎnr ba, ___ .)
A.
B.
C.
D.
5. 我家离学校太远了, ___ 。(Wǒjiā lí xuéxiào tài yuǎn le, ___ .)
A.
B.
C.
D.

 

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