Numbers – 数字

 

Numbers

 

Cardinal Numbers

The cardinal numbers indicate the quantity.

 

èr

sān

liù

jiǔ

líng

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

0

 

(shí) ten

 

e.g.

十一 (shí yī) 11

二十 (èr shí) 20

三十一 (sān shí yī) 31

 

(bǎi) hundred

e.g.

一百 (yī bǎi) 100

一百二 (yībǎi líng èr) 102

一百二 (十) (yībǎi èr shí) 120

一百二十三 (yī bǎi èrshísān) 123

 

(qiān) thousand

e.g.

一千 (yī qiān) 1000

一千零二 (yīqiān líng èr) 1002

一千零二十 (yīqiān líng èr shí) 1020

一千零二十三 (yīqiān líng èr shí sān) 1023

一千三(百)(yī qiān sān bǎi) 1300

一千三百四(十)(yī qiān sānbǎi sì shí) 1340

一千三百四十五 (yī qiān sānbǎi sìshíwǔ) 1345

 

(wàn) ten thousand

e.g.

一万 (yī wàn) 10,000

一万一 (yī wàn líng yī) 10,001

一万二十 (yī wàn líng èrshí) 10,020

一万二百 (yīwàn líng èrbǎi) 10,200

一万一(千) (yīwàn yīqiān) 11,000

一万一千三(百)(yīwàn yīqiān sānbǎi) 11,300

一万一千三百四(十)(yīwàn yīqiān sānbǎi sìshí) 11,340

一万一千三百四十五 (yīwàn yīqiān sānbǎi sìshíwǔ) 11,345

一万一千二 (yīwàn yīqiān líng èr) 11,002

一万一千二十三 (yīwàn yīqiān líng èr shí sān) 11,023

 

亿 (yì) hundred million

e.g.

亿两千三百四十五万六千七百八十九 (yīyì liǎngqiān sānbǎi sìshíwǔ wàn liùqiān qībǎi bāshíjiǔ) 123,456,789

亿五千万 (sì yì wǔqiān wàn) 450,000,000

Note that when there are several 0 together in between, you just need to say it out once.

In the multi-digit numbers, use 二,, not 两for tens place and ones place, as 22(二十二). Before the百(hundred)’s place, either 两 or 二 can be used, as in 200(二百/两百). When used before the “千”(qiān, thousand)、“万”(wàn, ten thousand) or “亿”(yì, hundred million) places, “两” is much more frequently used.

e.g. 

2000(两千);

22222(两万两千二百二十二);

200000000(两亿)

Ordinal Numbers

The ordinal numbers indicate the sequence of a set of things, which show the rank or position.  

第 + number

e.g.

第一 (dì yī) the first

第三 (dì sān) third

第七 (dì qī) seventh

 

The ordinal numbers usually precede a measure word, but in certain cases, it could also precede a noun directly without the measure word and “第”.

e.g.

二楼 (èr lóu) 2nd floor

三层 (sān céng) three layers

13号楼 (13 hào lóu) Building 13

205房间 (205 fángjiān) Room 205

302路车 (302 lù chē) 302 Bus

 

Note that instead of “两”, “二” is used as an ordinal number, indicate the sequence.

1. 这里有五百零一个人。(Zhè li yǒu ___ gè rén.)
A.
B.
C.
D.
2. 这家公司有96个中国人。(Zhè jiā gōngsī yǒu ___ gè Zhōngguó rén.)
A.
B.
C.
D.
3. 他是 ___ 个进来的人。(Tā shì ___ ɡe jìnlái de rén.)
A.
B.
C.
D.
4. 这有5903个苹果。(Zhè yǒu ___ ɡe pínɡɡuǒ.)
A.
B.
C.
D.

 

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4 Responses

  1. Two typos remain in the answer to question #5: “这个国家有123067008人。(Zhèɡe ɡuójiā yǒu yíyì liǎnɡqiān sānbǎi línɡ liù qīqiān líng bā rén.) There are one billion twenty three million sixty seven thousand thirty and eight people.” In English this number would be expressed as “one hundred twenty-three million sixty-seven thousand and eight people (not thirty-eight).” Also, the main Explanation at the top expresses 123,456,789 as 100 million + 2345 万 (wàn, ten-thousands) + six thousand seven hundred eighty-nine. The answer to question 5 omits the wàn. I guess I don’t understand why.

    Otherwise, very useful site. Thanks

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