从(cóng) vs 离(lí)

从(cóng) vs 离(lí)

 

离(lí)

“离” indicates the distance from a place, moment or goal.

A + 离 + B + Adjective / Numerical phrase

e.g.

火车站学校不远。(Huǒchēzhàn lí xuéxiào bùyuǎn.) The train station is not far from the school.

这架飞机起飞还早。(Zhè jià fēijī lí qǐfēi hái zǎo.) The plane is still early to take off.

我家学校五百多米。(Wǒ jiā lí xuéxiào wǔbǎiduō mǐ.) My house is over 500 meters from the school.

我们毕业还有两年。(Wǒmen lí bìyè hái yǒu liǎng nián.) We are still two years away from graduation.

从(cóng)

“从” indicates the starting point of a period of time, a distance, a process, or a sequence. This means that in addition to “from”, it can also take on the meaning “since” in certain situations.

Subject + 从…… + Verb / Adjective

e.g.

哪里来?(Nǐ cóng nǎlǐ lái?) Where are you from?

我们学校出发了。(Wǒmen cóng xuéxiào chūfā le.) I departed from the school.

我们是上周一开始上班的。(Wǒmen shì cóng shàng zhōuyī kāishǐ shàngbān de.) We have been working since last Monday.

现在开始,你就是一个大人了。(Cóng xiànzài kāishǐ, nǐ jiùshì yīgè dàrén le.) From now on, you are an adult.

“从(cóng)“ is often used in accordance with “到(dào)”.

从A 到B

This pattern is flexible and can have several different meanings. It can be put at the beginning of a sentence or in the middle of a sentence as an adverbial phrase, usually meaning “from… to…”or a slight variation of this pattern.

e.g.

我们今天明天放假。(Wǒmen cóng jīntiān dào míngtiān fàngjià.) We have a vacation from today till tomorrow.

理想现实需要我们付出很多努力。(Cóng lǐxiǎng dào xiànshí xūyào wǒmen fùchū hěn duō nǔlì.) To go from dreams to reality, we must expend a lot of effort.

大家矮站好。(Dàjiā cóng gāo dào ǎi zhàn hǎo.) Everyone stands up from high to low.

过去现在你都那么好看。(Cóng guòqù dào xiànzài nǐ dōu nàme hǎokàn.) You are pretty from the past to the present.

从(cóng) vs 离(lí)

1. “离” indicates the distance from a place, moment or goal.

A + 离 + B + Adjective / Numerical phrase

e.g.

火车站学校不远。(Huǒchēzhàn lí xuéxiào bùyuǎn.) The train station is not far from the school.

这架飞机起飞还早。(Zhè jià fēijī lí qǐfēi hái zǎo.) The plane is still early to take off.

我家学校五百多米。(Wǒ jiā lí xuéxiào wǔbǎiduō mǐ.) My house is over 500 meters from the school.

我们毕业还有两年。(Wǒmen lí bìyè hái yǒu liǎng nián.) We are still two years away from graduation.

2. “从” indicates the starting point of a period of time, a distance, a process, or a sequence. This means that in addition to “from”, it can also take on the meaning “since” in certain situations.

Subject + 从…… + Verb / Adjective

e.g.

哪里来?(Nǐ cóng nǎlǐ lái?) Where are you from?

我们学校出发了。(Wǒmen cóng xuéxiào chūfā le.) I departed from the school.

我们是上周一开始上班的。(Wǒmen shì cóng shàng zhōuyī kāishǐ shàngbān de.) We have been working since last Monday.

现在开始,你就是一个大人了。(Cóng xiànzài kāishǐ, nǐ jiùshì yīgè dàrén le.) From now on, you are an adult.

 

“从(cóng)“ is often used in accordance with “到(dào)”.

从A 到B

This pattern is flexible and can have several different meanings. It can be put at the beginning of a sentence or in the middle of a sentence as an adverbial phrase, usually meaning “from… to…” or a slight variation of this pattern.

e.g.

我们今天到明天放假。(Wǒmen cóng jīntiān dào míngtiān fàngjià.) We have a vacation from today till tomorrow.

理想到现实需要我们付出很多努力。(Cóng lǐxiǎng dào xiànshí xūyào wǒmen fùchū hěn duō nǔlì.) To go from dreams to reality, we must expend a lot of effort.

大家高到矮站好。(Dàjiā cóng gāo dào ǎi zhàn hǎo.) Everyone stands up from high to low.

过去到现在你都那么好看。(Cóng guòqù dào xiànzài nǐ dōu nàme hǎokàn.) You are pretty from the past to the present.

1. 我家从学校很近。(Wǒjiā cóng xuéxiào hěn jìn.)
2. 从你家开车去公司要多久?(Cóng nǐ jiā kāichē qù gōngsī yào duōjiǔ?)
3. 学校离车站远吗?(Xuéxiào lí chēzhàn yuǎn ma?)
4. 学校超市离很近。(Xuéxiào chāoshì lí hěn jìn.)
5. 我离学校出发。(Wǒ lí xuéxiào chūfā.)
6. 我从五岁开始打篮球。(Wǒ cóng wǔ suì kāishǐ dǎ lánqiú.)
7. 从这儿一直往前走。(Cóng zhèr yīzhí wǎng qián zǒu.)
8. 从这儿到学校有多远?(Cóng zhèr dào xuéxiào yǒu duō yuǎn? )
9. 春节离下个星期开始。(Chūnjié lí xià gè xīngqí kāishǐ.)
10. 现在从春节有一个星期。(Xiànzài cóng chūnjié yǒu yīgè xīngqí.)

 

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