Comparative Sentences (2) – 比较句 (2)

Comparative Sentences (2)

 

A 比 B + Adjective + the specific quantity

e.g.

10厘米。(Tā bǐ wǒ gāo shí límǐ.) He is ten centimetres taller than I am.

三岁。(Wǒ bǐ tā dà sān suì.) I am three years older than him.

A 比 B + adjective + 一点儿/ 一些/得多/多了

“一点儿” “一些” “得多” or “多了” etc. can follow an adjective in a comparative sentence, indicating the degree of difference between things, among which “一点儿” and “一些” indicate a slight difference, while “得多” and “多了” indicate a big difference.

e.g.

一点儿。(Tā bǐ wǒ gāo yì diǎnr.) He is a little bit taller than I am.

一些。(Tā bǐ wǒ gāo yìxiē.) He is a little taller than I am.

得多/多了。(Tā bǐ wǒ gāo de duō/duō le.) He is much taller than I am.

Note that when expressing big differences between two people or two things, the adverbs that describe the high degree such as “很” “非常” can’t be put before the adjective.

    e.g.

✘ 他比我高。(Tā bǐ wǒ hěn gāo.) He is taller than me.

✘ 这条裙子比那条特别便宜。(Zhè tiáo qúnzi bǐ nà tiáo tèbié piányi.)

The interrogative form

i) A比B + adjective + 多少?

e.g.

大卫姚明多少?(Dàwèi bǐ Yáomíng gāo duōshao?)

这条裙子那条多少?(Zhè tiáo qúnzi bǐ nà tiáo guì duōshǎo?) How much more expensive is this skirt than that one?

ii) A比B + adjective + 得多 + 吗?

e.g.

大卫姚明得多吗?(Dàwèi bǐ Yáomíng gāo dé duō ma?)

哥哥妹妹得多吗?(Gēge bǐ mèimei zhòng de duō ma?) Is the older brother much heavier than the younger sister?

A比B + 更/还 + adjective

If indicating a higher degree, a word like “更” or “还” is used before the predicate. In this case, “很” “非常” “特别” “差不多” “最” and etc. can’t be used.

e.g.

姐姐弟弟。(Jiějie bǐ dìdi hái gāo.) The older sister is taller than the younger brother.

>> The premise is they are both tall.

 

漂亮。(Nǐ bǐ wǒ gèng piàoliang.) You are more beautiful than me.

>> The premise is they are both beautiful.

1. 哥哥1米86,我1米50。(Gēɡe yì mǐ bā liù, wǒ yì mǐ wǔ línɡ.)
A.
B.
C.
D.
2. 他二十八岁,我二十岁。(Tā èrshí bā suì, wǒ èrshí suì.)
A.
B.
C.
D.
3. 小华有两只狗,小李有五只狗。(Xiǎohuá yǒu liǎnɡ zhī ɡǒu, Xiǎolǐ yǒu wǔ zhǐ ɡǒu.)
A.
B.
C.
D.
4. 昨天气温28度,今天气温28.5度。(Zuótiān qìwēn èrshí bā dù, jīntiān qìwēn èrshí bā diǎn wǔ dù.)
A.
B.
C.
D.
5. 姐姐的杯子很多,她有五个杯子。我有七个杯子。(Jiějie de bēizi hěn duō, tā yǒu wǔ ɡe bēizi. Wǒ yǒu qī ɡe bēizi.)
A.
B.
C.
D.

 

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