Classifiers (3) – 量词 (3)

Classifiers (3) – 量词 (3)

 

次 (cì)

“次” could be the classifier for times, as in frequency. Measure for the number of times an action is taken.

e.g.

我们见了两面,吃了一饭。(Wǒmen jiànle liǎng cì miàn, chīle yīcì fàn.) We met twice and had a meal.

“次” could be the individual measure for the number of repetitions in a given period of time.

e.g.

事故 (yīcì shìgù) an accident

检查 (yīcì jiǎnchá) a check

遍 (biàn)

“遍” as a classifier indicates the whole process of action from start to end.

e.g.

请读一课文。(Qǐng dú yībiàn kèwén.) Please read the text again.

这个练习我们再做一。 (Zhège liànxí wǒmen zài zuò yībiàn.) Let’s do this exercise again.

趟 (tàng)

“趟” as a classifier indicates the whole process of going to and returning from a place.

e.g.

我去了两学校。(Wǒ qùle liǎng tàng xuéxiào.) I went to school twice.

这些东西一趟不完。(Zhèxiē dōngxi yī tàng bān bù wán.) These things can’t be finished in one trip.

场 (chǎng / cháng)

“场” (chǎng) is a classifier for dramas, performances, sports, examinations, etc.

e.g.

演出 (yī chǎng yǎnchū) A show

比赛 (yī chǎng bǐsài) A match

考试 (yī chǎng kǎoshì) An exam

“场” (cháng) means one happening of something, such as for natural phenomena, for disasters, or for general diseases.

e.g.

大雨 (yī cháng dàyǔ) A heavy rain

大火 (yī cháng dàhuǒ) A big fire

病 (yī cháng bìng) An illness

Note that for disease, it can’t be used for something specific.

e.g.

心脏病 (yī cháng xīnzàng bìng) A heart attack

下 (xià)

“下” as a classifier indicates the times of action or the short duration of time.

e.g.

我敲了几门。(Wǒ qiāole jǐ xià mén.) I knocked on the door a few times.

你等我一。 (Nǐ děng wǒ yīxià.) Wait for me a while.’

回 (huí)

“回” as a classifier indicates the individual measurements for a matter or a thing. The word like “这么” “那么” 怎么” is often put before it.

e.g.

这是怎么事?(Zhè shì zěnme huí shì?) How is this going?

你们说的是两事。(Nǐmen shuō de shì liǎnghuíshì.) You are talking about two different things.

“回” as a classifier could measure for the number of times an action is taken, just like “次”.

e.g.

我去过一北京。(Wǒ qùguò yī huí Běijīng.) I have been to Beijing once.

我见过他几。(Wǒ jiànguò tā jǐ huí.) I have seen him several times.

1. 我一周吃一 ___ 冰淇淋。(Wǒ yìzhōu chī yí ___ bīngqílín.)
A.
B.
C.
D.
2. 这个故事我读了两 ___ 了。(Zhègè gùshì wǒ dúle liǎng ___ le.)
A.
B.
C.
D.
3. 周末我们去了一 ___ 动物园。(Zhōumò wǒmen qù le yì ___ dòngwùyuán.)
A.
B.
C.
D.
4. 这 ___ 京剧( Beijing opera )表演太精彩了!(Zhè ___ jīngjù biǎoyǎn tài jīngcǎi le!)
A.
B.
C.
D.
5. 你见过他朋友吗?我见过很多 ___ 了。(Nǐ jiànguò tā péngyou ma? Wǒ jiànguò hěnduō ___ le.)
A.
B.
C.
D.
6. 这本书我看了两 ___ 。(Zhèběnshū wǒ kàn le liǎng ___ .)
A.
B.
C.
D.
7. 周末,我和朋友一起去看了一 ___ 电影。(Zhōumò, wǒ hé péngyou yìqǐ qù kàn le yì ___ diànyǐng.)
A.
B.
C.
D.
8. 去年奶奶生了一 ___ 大病。(Qùnián nǎinai shēng le yì ___ dàbìng.)
A.
B.
C.
D.
9. 她今天没来上课是怎么 ___ 事?(Tā jīntiān méilái shàngkè shì zěnme ___ shì?)
A.
B.
C.
D.
10. 昨天下了一 ___ 大雪。(Zuótiān xià le yì ___ dàxuě.)
A.
B.
C.
D.
11. 太累了,休息一 ___ 吧。(Tài lèi le, xiūxī yí ___ ba.)
A.
B.
C.
D.

 

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